the attempts made by several scholars to fix the age of the Vedas.
Maxmueller, the doyen of the Wester school, whose faulty assumptions
are being blindly followed by the West-dominated academic world of
today, based all his calculations on the then prevalent blundersome
assumption that the world was created in 4004 B.C. His next faulty
assumption was that the Vedas are a Brahminical work, and the Brahmans
were some arrogant, domineering, exclusive, discriminatory community.
Maxmueller's third mistaken notion was that Buddhism was a revolt
against Brahmanism. Maxmueller's fourth mistake was to believe that the
Buddha lived in the 6th century B.C. In our book titled SOME BLUNDERS
OF INDIAN HISTORICAL RESEARCH, we have devoted a special chapter to
point out that the Buddha lived in the 19th century B.C. Maxmueller's
fifth blunder was to assume that the whole range of Vedic literature
was composed by some rustic individuals in the following order one
after the other, like a busy publishing house, viz. the Rigved,
Yajurved, Samaved, Atharvaved, Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Upanishads in a
continuous long trail from about 1200 B.C. to the 6th century B.C.,
just in time for the Buddha to be born at the time of the completion of
that literary series to revolt against it all in great disgust.
It is a pity
that all the above blundersome assumptions form the bedrock of tuition
conducted all over the West-dominated academic system throughout the
It is as wrong to describe Vedic culture as Brahmanism as it is to
describe the modern educational system as professorism because
professors exercise authority. Vedic culture was a four-fold system in
which all its four components had their duties, functions and standards
of behaviour properly demarcated.
It is also wrong to look upon the Buddha as a rebel. Buddha was a
devoted follower of Vedic culture. He abandoned his princely status and
took to monkhood only because his mind had lost interest in palace
luxuries and not because he detested Vedic culture.
the above series of Maxmueller's faulty assumptions, his dating of the
Vedas at 1200 B.C. at the earliest deserves to be discarded.
other Western scholars, Whitney and Winternitz, have condemned
Maxmueller's loose logic and have castigated other scholars who lauded
Maxmueller's surmises as scientific deductions. Dr. Winternitz pointed
out that the style of language takes as many as a thousand years to
change and not just 200 as assumed by Maxmueller. Consequently,
Maxmueller's estimate of the antiquity of the Vedas amounted to an
Howe assumes the various stages of Vedic literature, as fancied by
Maxmueller, to be right, but allows a gap of 500 years (instead of 200
a la Maxmueller), and concludes that the entire range of Vedic
literature was composed by some individuals around 2400 and 2000 B.C.
Language Remains Unchanged
it needs to be pointed out to scholars of the above line of thinking
tha the whole basic idea in reciting the Vedas verbatim from generation
to generation with meticulous emphasix on the intonation of every
syllable and a careful mathematical count of the letters involved is to
ensure that the pristine purity of Vedic wording may remain undefiled
throughout the ages. Added to this, when one considers that the Rigved,
Yajurved, Samved and Atharvaved constitute by one composite work, it is
wrong to judge them as having been composed at different periods of
time by some individuals. Vedic recitation tradition proves that Vedic
wording has remained unchanged and that it continues to retain its
purity as it was at the time of creation.
to determine the age of the Vedas from their language is highly
unjustified when it is realized that even in physical science date
estimates of different scientists are at great variance from oen
another. Thus, for instance, according to various geologists, 20,000 to
80,000 years have elapsed since the close of the last glacial epoch.
Yet another scientist, Avinash Chandra Das, has presented two different
estimates in two editions of the same book. In one edition he asserts
that the territory of Rajasthan was under the sea 60,000 years ago,
while in another he says it was only 27,000 years ago. Considering such
uncertainties even in physical sciences, a philological dating of the
Vedas does not deserve any serious consideration. Moreover, it must be
realized that Vedic language being neither mundane nor human, measuring
its antiquity by human philological conjectures is highly improper.
of Vedic Antiquity
some representative estimates of the date of the Vedas, a Vedic
scholar—the late Balasaheb Hardas of Nagpur—pointed out in a public
lecture series in the 1950's in Pune that Pundit Patankar of Rajapur
believed the Vedas to be 21,000 years ancient on the basis of astronomy.
scholar, Mr. Lele, put the figure at 40,000 years.
Sudhakar Dwivedi estimates the Vedas to be 54,000 years ancient.
Krishnashastri Godbole added another 18,000 years to that figure.
scholar, Pundit Dinanath Chulet, believed the age of the Vedas to be
another scholar, Swami Dayanand Saraswati, founder of the Arya Samaj
organization, basing his calculation on the Yuga computation of the
Vedic almanac, concluded that the Vedas were obtained over 1,960
million years ago.
the spiralling speculations mentioned above seem to confirm the
traditional view that the Vedas were conferred on humanity by divinity
at the start of the universe. And that was millions and millions of
who shudder to think in terms of millons of years of antiquity may,
perhaps at the very least, concede that the Vedas are of immeasurable
the representative views mentioned above have generally banked on
philological, geological or astronomical data to arrive at the date of